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A Lesson in Lifelong Learning

A Lesson in Lifelong Learning

One of the most interesting and promising areas of study concerning Alzheimer’s disease is the so-called Nun Study.  Epidemiologist, David Snowden, began studying the memory and cognitive abilities of the School Sisters of Notre Dame in the mid-1980s.  This population was ideal for his study due to their shared lifestyle over a long period of time.  Many of the nuns agreed to donate their bodies to medical research upon their deaths and subsequent brain examinations led to fascinating results.

Snowden discovered multiple cases of women who lived well into their 90s with little or no outward signs of dementia, and yet, their brains contained severe vascular lesions and showed indications of significant Alzheimer’s disease.  What can explain the discrepancy between the lack of symptoms and clear neurological damage?

There are various theories but the consensus that has formed over the last twenty years is that lifelong learning activities train more functional synapses, form more neural connections, and build more cognitive reserve.  Altogether, this creates redundancy and backup connections to fall back on as the brain is damaged.  The benefits of physical activity and exercise in combating the deterioration associated with aging is well known.  We can make similar claims regarding the fight against cognitive decline.  It would seem to be a case of use it or lose it.

A Lifelong Learning Opportunity

I recently took a class at GLI titled How to Read and Interpret the Bible Today.  This would be the first class that I have taken for a grade and taught by a college professor since completing my masters degree sixteen years ago. It has been even longer than that since I took a formal class that did not contain differential equations, thermodynamics, or chemical kinetics.  Yes, I’m an engineer and a nerd, and theology is a bit of a different area of academic discipline than I’m used to exercising.  So, I entered the classroom wondering a bit if I had made a wise choice.  On the other hand, the situation could not have been more welcoming.

My Life Group decided to take this course together, so I already knew most of the students.  The textbook was accessible yet full of helpful information and Dr. Chris Ansberry was a great teacher who displayed a wealth of knowledge while modulating his presentation to address the backgrounds, needs, and knowledge of the students.  I do not intend to spend many more words on a review of the course.  Jael Lippert had written a wonderful blog post to this end a couple months ago.  Rather, I’d like to describe my experience during the class in hopes that others may find it useful and perhaps uncover another reason to take a course at GLI. 

I have certainly experienced blessings from individual quiet time with scripture reading, and yet, I often feel like the Ethiopian Eunuch who Philip encountered on the road between Jerusalem and Gaza in Acts chapter 8.  Philip found him reading from the prophet Isaiah and asked if he understood what he was reading.  The eunuch replied, “how can I, unless someone guides me”? Yes, there are study bibles, commentaries, and expository sermons available online.  Yet, this can leave us overwhelmed by a paralysis that comes from having too many choices to select from.

Additionally, the one-way communication flow inherent with these resources can still leave us frustrated as we wrestle with questions and doubts.  The practice of meeting in small groups helps to alleviate this problem to an extent but even there we can bump into the limits of the group’s knowledge and discernment.  This is perhaps the aspect of the class that I enjoyed the most.  We attended as a Life Group who were already comfortable and familiar with each other.  There is a very low fear of asking dumb questions when surrounded by those you already know and love.  Adding a knowledgeable, generous, and sensitive teacher to this dynamic made the experience rewarding, and frankly, fun.  I highly recommend others consider signing up for GLI courses as a group.  It is a wonderful experience. 

I am also glad that I elected to take the class for a grade as compared to auditing.  The requirement to formulate written reflections on readings from the textbook forced me to be more contemplative and provided for extended interactions with the instructor.  It may have been well over a decade since my last similar level of academic pursuit, yet it felt good to stretch those old mental muscles.  It was somewhat analogous to the feeling I get when I go for my first bike ride in the spring.  All my good intentions of keeping up my stamina over the winter months on a stationary bike are never fully realized.  So, inevitably that first spring ride is a bit of a slog.  Muscles have atrophied and my back and legs have stiffened, and that first mile always feels bitterly cold.  But, by five miles in, the endorphins start to flow, the sun feels wonderful on my face, and the stiffness melts away.

Similarly, writing an expository essay felt good and I look forward to doing it again.  When the Pharisees asked Jesus about the great commandment He responded with the exhortation to “love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind”.  My attention was recently drawn to Christ’s inclusion of our minds in this command.  I have struggled at times to find ways to integrate a life of the mind with my faith journey.  This course at GLI helped me to see a vision of that, more so, than any resource I’ve engaged with in a long time.  Perhaps you may find academic exercises through a GLI course helps you to stretch some old mental muscles too.  Maybe it can help you to find new ways to integrate your mind into your walk of faith as well.  After all, the School Sisters of Notre Dame helped us to see that the benefits of such mental exercises can stretch over a lifetime.

Discover Your Calling

Want to learn more about your God-given calling and gifts? Explore upcoming learning opportunities at Grace Leadership Institute!

This post was contributed by Rob Mischler

How to Read and Interpret the Bible – Dr. Chris Ansberry – GLI Course Review

How to Read and Interpret the Bible – Dr. Chris Ansberry – GLI Course Review

Last week I finished a six-week course at Grace Leadership Institute entitled “How to Read and Interpret the Bible” taught by Dr. Chris Ansberry of Grove City College. It began as a whimsical suggestion to my church LifeGroup, what if we take a break from our typical weekly meetups and take a class instead? They were game. 

I’ll confess to entering the experiment with lowish expectations. Because of my undergraduate training at a Christian university, I have just short of a minor in Bible. What I mean to say is, I was arrogant. I already knew how to read the bible, right? 

Firstly, the instructor is fantastic. He strikes the balance between informed and organized, open-minded and responsive. I enjoyed engaging in class each week. I also appreciated the once-a-week class format, but I imagine a weekend course has its benefits too.  

Secondly, wow, did I gain some perspective. One of my main takeaways amounts to the oft-quoted and variously attributed aphorism: “In essentials unity, in nonessentials liberty, and in all things charity.” Given the wide range of translations for even the most uncontroversial bit of scripture, it led me to conclude that an equally wide range of interpretations or applications is not only understandable but to be expected. Enter the opportunity to grow in Grace toward my fellow believers.  

Finally, taking this course has made me a savvier disciple. I have a deeper understanding of scripture, and my approach to influencing others for Christ has been enhanced. I am humbled at how much I learned and grateful for the opportunity to grow.  

Let me encourage you to build your personal disciple profile by taking one of the upcoming courses: The Story of the Bible, Old Testament, and The Story of the Bible, New Testament. You’ll be glad you did!

An Inside Look at TCL104: Key Skills for Today’s Church Leader

An Inside Look at TCL104: Key Skills for Today’s Church Leader

As another year came to end at GLI, the learning never stopped.  GLI closed out it’s 2023 academic program with the TCL104: Key Skills for Today’s Church Leader Class taught by Pastor Derek Sanford.   

The content teaching was augmented by local experts in their field of study who brought a wealth of information and practical examples of the subjects.  These instructors included Dr. Pam Pressler, Linda Goebel, Pastor Darrell Cook, Pastor Al Detter, Pastor Sarah Burtt, Pastor Brian Kelly , Dan Nichols and Tyler Miller.

How equipped do you think you are to have a “hard conversation” with someone and give healthy feedback?
Dr. Pam Pressler, MSW, LCSW, CPLC

Students from five local churches including Grace Church, Believers International Worship Center, New Life Spirit and Revival Center, Shiloh Baptist Church, and Millcreek Community Church participated in this class.

Topics such as Inductive Bible Studies, Preaching, Planning Events, Discipleship and Caring for others, and how to respond in a crises, were some of the core teachings in this class.

The level of teaching for these classes is very informative and timely.  The expertise, wealth of knowledge, and level of commitment of these instructors is not only a benefit to their churches and communities, but is also a testament to their individual ministries in serving God and their desire to help others grow educationally and spiritually.

A Glimpse Inside GLI’s Christian Leadership Certificate Program

A Glimpse Inside GLI’s Christian Leadership Certificate Program

Interview at Grace Leadership Institute with Art Bartelson, a recent GLI Christian Leadership Certificate program graduate.

JL: Art, What prompted you to want to take the Leadership Certificate courses

AB: Well, being a leader in my church, I always like to learn and self-improve. 

When this course became available, I was in the hospital for the first round so I was unable to attend when he had his first 101 class. I started with the 102 class and did the 103 and came back and did the 101. So it was rather convenient not to have to follow them in order. 

JL: Tell me again the name of your church?

AB: Believers International Worship Center 

JL: How would you say you’ve grown from taking the Leadership Certificate course? 

AB: It gave me a better understanding of Biblical leadership as opposed to Business leadership. The course is rooted in scripture. Servant leadership has always been something that has fascinated me, and I try to study it as much as I can. The aspect of just becoming a better servant and helping those around me makes me happy. 

JL: I get that.

JL: If you were asked for your biggest takeaway, particularly from this last one, the Leadership 101 course, what would you say?

AB: The background of your name.

JL: I loved that part! 

AB: All throughout scripture, when God encountered Man, he always had a name for them. If that name wasn’t sufficient or the individual had to be reminded, God took care of that. In the 102 and 103, I think the biggest takeaway through that is the overall purpose of spiritual disciplines. So, the practicing of those on a daily basis is tantamount to Christian leadership. To have that relationship with God and be able to put your best foot forward in spite of yourself, but following the lead of God and his will not only in your life but in how you worship him and serve others. 

JL: I remember we were in the same Spiritual disciplines class. Was there anything you added to your repertoire? 

AB: I’d have to say that in my daily planner there is a section and I’ve tried to practice one or two spiritual disciplines per week. And then I’ve jotted down scripture that come to mind or setting aside a personal study time. During that personal time it’s just solitude with God. Not only is it convicting but it also puts me at ease. It give me insight into his will. 

JL: You mentioned the name thing, from Leadership 101. I loved that part, too. Will you tell me your whole name and what each part means?

AB: Well, my full name is Arthur Howard Bartelson. The first name of Arthur was in Roman times Arturios, which according to sources, is “rock”. The other (meaning) is “defender”. 

“Howard” I didn’t find much on. Bartelson is “Son of Bartel”, the closest thing I’ve come to was “an unwavering stand.” It originally started out as “Bark,” like the bark on a tree. So, having that in mind, the Jewish and Roman interpretations of that had unwavering roots. That’s what I liked about that. I never researched my name before.

JL: What was your response to learning what your name meant? 

AB: I really didn’t have a response to what my name meant but looking at the aspects of my life that I’ve taken for granted, I see that actions and thoughts and characteristics kind of met what my name means whether I knew it or not.  

JL: That’s insightful. 

JL: Who would you recommend this class to? 

AB: I’d have to say any individual who is looking for a good foundation for Christian leadership. Who may be thinking of a role in a local church or a local organization. Some of the characteristics and such that were brought forth in all of the classes were interchangeable between business and church. So, having a well-rounded foundation before going on to more in-depth classes, I think this would be a good stepping stone.  

JL: What was a personal challenge to you when you took the class? 

AB: Outside of taking a closer look inward, the characteristics of a leader and then the competencies of some of the subjects that were brought forward, as well as some of the homework assignments, made me look at myself and my approach to different things, but I didn’t view it as a struggle or as an issue. 

JL: What new relationships have you developed from going through the classes? 

AB: Well, the two individuals who started with me, Hyder and Miguel, were my recent mentees for ministerial training. I was entrusted with their training, and they were both granted their ministerial license. And since then, I have two more. Having the zeal for learning and sharing what I’ve learned, I’ve been entrusted with that, as well as a church leader myself, to be able to share what I know and (to share) my study habits with others. I find that very satisfying.

JL: How would you describe the courses to someone who said, “Well, I’m not really a leader.”?

AB: Whether they view themselves that way or not, everyone has that potential. Whether it’s helping someone cross the road or helping someone in a grocery store get an item they can’t reach, there are underlying characteristics in everyone that could make them a leader. The individual may not see those attributes at first, but classes like this let them know you are a unique individual, blessed by God, and whether you understand it or not, every one of us has a calling. Not necessarily to uphold it, it may not be active participation in the church. You can be active in your community, you can be active at school, you can be active in your community. If you are a parent, you are a leader whether you want to believe it or not. Because your children follow your lead, your family follows your lead. 

AB: One of the key things with this class was hearing from authors and some of the videos where those questions were answered, maybe in a different manner than I just did. Even in the workplace, at any time, you could be called on at any time, you know?. “Hey, I need you to do this. I need you to do that.” So, just having that skill set could make you further your career or your calling.

JL: What’s next for you? 

AB: Well, the skies the limit. There are additional classes here which I am taking. Right now, I’m taking the TCL 104 course, which is “Key Skills for Today’s Church Leaders.” In the Spring, I will be taking the TCL 109 class, which is on mental health.

It’s an easy place to learn. The staff is wonderful. That’s a plug. 

I’m impressed with how they are able to get college professors to come in here to teach. The TCL 101 course with Seulgi. It was an Old Testament course called “How to Read and Interpret the Bible.” His knowledge and interpretation of scripture and having been to the places that are in the Bible. He was able to reflect on that.  

He’s going to be teaching it again (in the spring).

AB: I’d like to see a class done on the writings of Paul. I like his writing. It’s blunt and to the point.  

JL: I want to personally say thank you because you do a lot of “heavy lifting” as they say, with the technology. 

AB: You’re welcome. I find being able to use the technology is easy.  

JL: Thanks for being willing to go outside of your comfort zone to do this interview. 

AB: You’re welcome.

Enroll in an Upcoming Course at Grace Leadership Institute

Are you interested in any of the courses mentioned in this interview? See our upcoming course offerings of these and other upcoming leadership and ministry-related courses here!

You Are a Theologian! [Will You Be a Good One or a Bad One?]

You Are a Theologian! [Will You Be a Good One or a Bad One?]

“Wait,” you say, “how dare you accuse me of such a thing? I’m not a minister, I never went to seminary, heck, I barely even read my bible.” All those things may be true, but you are still a theologian. Let me explain. First, let’s establish what theology is.

What is Theology?

The word “theology” is an ancient Greek term that’s a combination of two words: “Theos” (God) and “logos” (word or study). So, theology literally means “the study of God.”

The Greeks used the word to refer to musings of philosophers and poets about divine matters. Paul used theology during his encounter with the philosophers at Athens in Acts 17 as he painted a picture of the God of the bible and compared and contrasted him with the Greek ideas of gods.

Theology was critical in Paul’s New Testament letters as he tried to keep new churches on the right track. His letters are filled with passages like the following:

I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel— not that there is another one, but there are some who trouble you and want to distort the gospel of Christ.But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach to you a gospel contrary to the one we preached to you, let him be accursed. 

In the 12-13th Centuries, theology took on a slightly different meaning. With the rise of higher education and universities, theology became an academic discipline. More like a science of focusing on God. A famous phrase was coined by Anselm of Canterbury (1033-1109) that emerged as an early definition of theology. He called it, “faith seeking understanding.” This definition assumes that our faith is not a place we arrive at. Instead, true faith prompts inquiry, asks questions, and seeks to understand more deeply. Understanding God more deeply is a quest that will never end.

In modern times, theology has been often used with a narrower definition. It is viewed as an equivalent to what we would refer to as “doctrines.” The formal beliefs of faith. But no matter what era or how narrow or broad the definition, theology has to do with the “intellectual reflection on matters related to God.” So you are doing theology when you ponder questions like:

  • What is God like?
  • What are humans like? Why do we act the way we act?
  • How did we get here? How did the world get here?
  • Who is Jesus and what did he accomplish?
  • How do humans connect with God?
  • How are humans saved by God?
  • What is the nature and purpose of the church?
  • How will history end?

It’s easy to get lost or frustrated when considering the depth of questions like that. But here’s the good news. At the foundation of theological inquiry lies one encouraging truth. God wants to be known. He has revealed himself through both General Revelation (knowing God through the order, intimacy, and wonder of creation) and Special Revelation (knowing God through the scriptures and through Jesus Christ). So, we don’t ask these questions without hope of answers; God has revealed himself to us.

You ARE a Theologian

Let me come back to my original assertion. You ARE a theologian. The question isn’t, “are you or aren’t you?” It’s, “Are you a good one or a bad one?” Everyone has beliefs about who God is, who Jesus is, what salvation is, where we came from, and how we should live our lives. We’re all synthesizing those beliefs together all the time. So, if you’re a Christian, you’re doing theology, whether you’re aware of it or not. If you’re not aware of it, then your theology is probably not very well organized. Here are some examples of times you are doing theology:

  • When you are in worship.
  • When something bad happens to you and how you respond.
  • When you’re facing a decision. Is it God’s will, and is he distant or close?
  • When you plan for the future.
  • When you reflect on God or your faith.
  • When you read the bible.
  • When you’re making a purchase.
  • When you form an opinion about a sin in your life or someone else’s.
  • When you vote.

In all of these instances, you are bringing your theology (your beliefs about God) to bear whether intentionally or not. Because of this, I would argue that it is critically important for Christians to practice good theology. The problem is bad theology is rampant. We, as human beings, tend to get bored with “old” ideas and are easily swayed by exciting new ideas, or a new leader’s latest fad, or new experiences that tantalize us. But we must never substitute the newest and latest ideas for God’s original ideas! Jesus went after the Pharisees for bad theology. Paul warned against the bad theology of false teachers regularly in his letters. There has never been a shortage of groups of people pushing a wrong understanding of who God is. So, we must always be on guard against bad theology. Let’s break it down: every person does theology at one of five levels.

The 5 Levels of Theology

1. Tabloid Theology

This pop-culture theology has no basis in fact. These ideas, shared widely on social media and the modern equivalent of old National Inquirer articles, may seem cutting-edge, but are not grounded in truth or historical credibility. When I was younger, I heard many versions of the “hitchhiking angel” story. It was always a friend of a friend who picked up a hitchhiker along the road. The hitchhiker turned out to be an angel, and he always delivered apocalyptic warnings like “Gabriel’s mouth is on the trumpet!” And as soon as the message was delivered, the friend of a friend looked in the rear-view mirror, and the hitchhiker had vanished. There is a lot of tabloid theology around the dates of Jesus’ return, the old DaVinci Code, or even peoples’ vague concept of “the man upstairs” coming through at just the right time in their life when all the chips were stacked against them.

People who engage in tabloid theology generally don’t have a personal faith in God but more of a cultural religion that believes in someone out there who’s looking out for us. So, they tend to uncritically accept spiritual-sounding things without applying any scrutiny. What’s the problem? If you are attracted to tabloid theology, your faith requires these sensational things. When this sensational God doesn’t show up, any semblance of true faith crumbles.

2. Folk Theology

Unlike tabloid theology, which is based on new fantastical phenomena, folk theology is often rooted in traditions like old family wives’ tales and religious folklore. Passed down from generation to generation but never really confirmed. Folk theology often involves ideas you believe, but we’re not sure why you believe them. However, you’ve invested a lot of time and energy into the truth of these claims so they’re hard to give up. If upon further reflection, you don’t know exactly what a belief means, or you can’t explain why it is true and have a hard time defending it… it might be folk theology.

Let’s test this category. If I were to ask you, “When you die, who will meet you at heaven’s gates holding the Book of Life?” Are you imagining St Peter standing in front of those pearly gates? This belief is not supported by scripture. But it is a good example of folk theology. How about these… “Does every person have a guardian angel? Is Grandpa looking down from heaven and helping you win your football game? If you read your bible in the morning, is your day destined to go better than if you forget to have your quiet time? Does God help those who help themselves?” These are all examples of folk theology with no basis in the bible. But they are beliefs deeply held by many Christians because their religious grandma told them they were true!

3. Church-Goer Theology

This is the theology of your average Jesus-follower committed to actively learning and reflecting on their spiritual beliefs and how they apply to real life. These theologians tend to be more discerning of unfounded traditions. They are willing to use study tools to supplement their own ideas and feelings. For example, their view of heaven is informed by the scripture and carefully researched instead of being based on folklore and family traditions.

They also tend to be able to distinguish between essential doctrines and non-essential convictions and preferences. Essential doctrines are those non-negotiables like the trinity, Jesus’ death and resurrection, and return, the authority of the Bible, etc. Convictions are those beliefs you are willing to fight pretty hard over but, in the end, would maintain Christian fellowship with someone who disagrees. Beliefs around specifics of the end times, the interpretation of Genesis 1-2, and the role of women in ministry would fall into this category. Non-essential preferences include ideas around worship style, what you should wear to church, and what version of the bible you read. True Jesus followers should be able to discern their way through the importance levels of these varying beliefs.

4. Church Leader Theology

Some of the paid and volunteer leaders in a church have had some training in theological methodology. They know how to use study tools and resources and are able to critique their personal theological ideas against competing models openly. They can read books, articles, and social posts with a critical eye, knowing that not all “Christian” material has equal worth. They generally know which publishing companies, authors, and subject matter experts are more trustworthy than others.

Critiquing one’s own theological beliefs against other valid options, interpretations, and perspectives is invaluable to the continued construction of theology.

5. Academic Theology

This category is reserved for the person who constructs his or her theology and makes a living doing so. They conduct original research on theological subjects and write about them. They can critically evaluate common theological trends and instruct others on the implications.

It’s important to say in an article like this, that for all of us, theology has never been just about the knowledge. I’ve met people over the years who know the bible 10 times better than me and are also the angriest, grumpiest people I know. James said if you’re only a hearer and not a doer of the word, you deceive yourself and your religion is worthless. Proper theology must always lead to a proper lifestyle. Orthodoxy must lead to orthopraxy. That is, the right knowledge must lead to the right behaviors. Otherwise, our theology is worthless.

At the Grace Leadership Institute, we’ve set our sights on building up the Church Goer and the Church Leader theological categories. We want to bring in courses and subjects that will help the average church goer and church leader to be more confident in their faith. To give some umph to their theological expression. And to generally raise the level of biblical literacy in churches all over our region.

I’ll close with this quote from Charles Ryrie in his Basic Theology. “In reality, everyone is a theologian of one sort or another. And therein lies the problem. There is nothing wrong with being an amateur theologian or a professional theologian, but there is everything wrong with being an ignorant or sloppy theologian.”

I pray that we will all get better in our theology because, after all, you ARE a theologian!

Get Your Theology and Church Leadership Certificate

Grace Leadership Institute offers a six-course certificate program that provides a Bible foundation and practical training for church leadership. The Theology and Church Leadership certificate program includes four core classes with a choice of two electives. It can be completed in one or two years, with entry occurring possibly at the beginning of any semester. 

If you are looking for a more affordable option without a grade or certificate, you can audit any of our courses for a cheaper cost. 

1500 Words to Summarize the Entire Bible? Challenge Accepted!

1500 Words to Summarize the Entire Bible? Challenge Accepted!

How do you sum up the entire Bible in 1500 words or less?

So much history, so many laws, so much good, tons of wisdom and valuable lessons, examples of right or wrong / good and evil.

Sounds impossible, right? But that was our final assignment in TCL101: The Story of the Bible Part 1 – After an intense lecture and discussion in a weekend class, we were tasked with telling our version of the Bible story.

This course gave me a much needed, new appreciation for the Old Testament – for the lists of genealogies, for minutia details about the Ark of the Covenant and the building of the Tabernacle in Jerusalem, for the waywardness of the Israelites, and God’s enduring faithfulness to them and to me. There is no doubt in my mind that we worship an immanent and transcendent God. He created the world, set us apart, made provisions for us after we fell from grace, and dwells in us.

If you find yourself skimming through or glossing over large parts of the Old Testament, I encourage you to take a closer look. Look for parallels with other times in the Bible. Look for all the ways that the Old Testament not only points to Jesus’s time on earth, but also to His return and the time of a New Heaven and a New Earth. We live in the “in-between” where Jesus has conquered sin and death, and yet the fullness of His righteousness is still to come with His return. Want to know more? Check out The Story of the Bible-Part 1 or any of the other courses being offered at Grace Leadership Institute. You will deepen your faith, grow your leadership, and learn how to make an even bigger, positive impact.

My Favorite Insights from The Story of Bible (Part 1) Course

Do I prioritize work, the success of my children, preparation for whatever might be coming up next on my to-do list, ___________ more than worship and adoration of the one who redeemed me and tells me to take sabbath rest?

The message of the Old Testament prophets was that the covenant with God had been broken. The prophets called the people to repent for idolatry, social injustice, and ritualism. We need to be aware of these same things. And, if we do all the right things but don’t love God, we’ve still missed it/Him.

“By being like Jesus, we can become more and more what God the great Creator always intended us to be: living in fellowship with God, in harmony with the creation, fulfilled and happy in our calling to understand, enjoy, and develop this good earth. Normal at last.”

-Michael W. Goheen and Craig G. Bartholomew in The True Story of the Whole World: Finding Your Place in the Biblical Drama

NEXT STEPS: Grace Leadership Institute has a great lineup of courses with enrollment and audit options. Take a stand-alone class or work toward completion of one of the certificate programs. The Story of the Bible Part 1-Old Testament is being offered again at GLI in Spring 2024.